The 3-month excavation, approved by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage in April, is taking place in the village of Caijiafen, China's state-run Xinhua news agency reported Sunday.
Archaeologists and historians said they believe the area to be excavated will reveal the capital of the Guzhu state of the Shang Dynasty (1600 B.C. to 1046 B.C.)
The excavation is expected to yield information about the history and culture of the ancient state, Xie Fei, an expert from the Hebei Provincial Cultural Heritage Bureau, said.
The project will involve about 30 archaeologists from Renmin University and the Hebei Provincial Cultural Heritage Bureau, Xinhua reported.