The measure, introduced by Sen. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., would also require the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to study the health risks of the chemical to children and adults.
"There have been enough warning signs about the dangers of this chemical that we cannot wait to act," Schumer said in a statement. "If there is any serious risk at all posed by this chemical, it is simply unacceptable to allow Americans, especially vulnerable infants, to come into contact with it."
The U.S. House Energy and Commerce Committee is investigating allegations that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration based its positive safety rating of the chemical on studies funded by the chemical industry, The Washington Post reported Wednesday.
Bisphenol A, or BPA, is found in water bottles, food containers, baby bottles, some dental fillings and the coatings for the inside of cans containing foods, Schumer said.