facebook
twitter
rss
account
search
search
 

Researchers find key to malaria

July 6, 2007 at 12:45 PM   |   Comments

DALLAS, July 6 (UPI) -- Researchers in Texas have discovered why some mosquitoes are resistant to malaria, a leading cause of death worldwide.

Scientists at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas focused on TEP1, a protein in the mosquito's immune system, said a study reported this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

When a mosquito is infected with a parasite that causes malaria, TEP1 is capable of grabbing on to the parasite's surface and targeting it for termination, said Dr. Richard Baxter, the study's lead author.

"TEP1 is a scout that finds the enemy, in this case malarial parasites, then plants a homing signal on the enemy and calls in the air strike," Baxter said.

Understanding how some mosquitoes fend off malaria could lead to eliminating the mosquito's ability to transmit malaria, Baxter said.

Malaria kills more than 1 million people each year, primarily children in Africa, said the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

© 2007 United Press International, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Any reproduction, republication, redistribution and/or modification of any UPI content is expressly prohibited without UPI's prior written consent.
Recommended UPI Stories
Featured UPI Collection
trending
2014: The Year in Music [PHOTOS]

2014: The Year in Music [PHOTOS]

Most Popular
1
Mars rover spots rock shaped like thigh bone
2
Tech industry All Stars developing 'Star Trek'-style communication badges
3
Parched land in the drought-riddled West is actually rising
4
Latvia boasts world's first net for migrating bats
5
Neanderthals and humans interacted for thousands of years
Trending News
Video
x
Feedback