The landmark study will examine potential risks to minors such as bullying, illegal content and adult predators.
"Mobile communication is a great opportunity for the development of Europe's economies and societies," said Commissioner Viviane Reding. "At the same time, the protection of minors needs to be guaranteed."
Reding said in a statement late Tuesday that the industry must play a role in protecting children, as do public agencies and child-safety organizations.
The Commission said the ideal goal of the consultations, which run until mid-October, would be voluntary continent-wide regulatory standards.