The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars and Saturn.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include French Empress Josephine, wife of Napoleon, in 1763; the duke of Windsor, former British King Edward VIII, in 1894; pioneer sex researcher Alfred Kinsey, also in 1894; Alan Turing, British computer scientist, in 1912; former U.S. Secretary of State William Rogers in 1913; director/choreographer Bob Fosse in 1927; singer June Carter Cash in 1929; Finnish Nobel Peace Prize laureate Martti Ahtisaari in 1937 (age 77); U.S. Olympic gold medalist Wilma Rudolph in 1940; Metropolitan Opera conductor James Levine in 1943 (age 71); actors Ted Shackelford in 1946 (age 68), Bryan Brown in 1947 (age 67) and Frances McDormand in 1957 (age 57); U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas in 1948 (age 66); golf Hall of Fame member Colin Montgomerie in 1963 (age 51); and musician Jason Mraz in 1977 (age 37).
On this date in history:
In 1845, the Congress of the Republic of Texas agreed to annexation by the United States.
In 1865, the last Confederate holdouts formally surrendered in the Oklahoma Territory.
In 1894, the International Olympic Committee was founded in Paris.
In 1947, the U.S. Congress enacted the Taft-Hartley labor act over the veto of President Harry Truman.
In 1956, Gamel Abdel Nasser was elected first president of the Republic of Egypt.
In 1985, an Air India Boeing 747 from Toronto crashed off the Irish coast, killing all 329 people aboard in the world's worst commercial air disaster at sea.
In 1991, the Group of Seven industrialized democracies agreed to offer the Soviet Union associate membership in the International Monetary Fund.
In 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld affirmative action in a University of Michigan case by a 5-4 vote. The high court also upheld the Children's Internet Protection Act, under which federally funded libraries must block obscene material from computers to which minors have access.
In 2010, U.S. Army Gen. Stanley McChrystal resigned as commander of U.S. and NATO troops in Afghanistan after he and senior aides made disparaging remarks in a magazine interview about administration officials. Gen. David Petraeus, leader of the Central Command, succeeded McChrystal, who formally retired July 23 and received the Defense Distinguished Service Medal from Defense Secretary Robert Gates.
In 2012, the bodies of 14 people were found in a truck outside a Mante, Mexico, shopping center. Authorities said they believed the Zetas criminal organization was responsible.
In 2013, daredevil Nik Wallenda walked on a 2-inch thick cable across the Little Colorado River Gorge near the Grand Canyon in Arizona -- 1,500 feet above the gorge -- in just under 23 minutes.
A thought for the day: "Peace is the only battle worth waging." -- Albert Camus