The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. The evening stars are Jupiter, Mars and Mercury.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They include French revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre in 1758; Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and arctic explorer Robert Peary, both in 1856; French writer Gaston Leroux in 1868; silent screen star Rudolph Valentino in 1895; restaurateur Toots Shor in 1903; actor Stewart Granger in 1913; actor-director-writer Orson Welles and author Theodore White, both in 1915; baseball legend Willie Mays in 1931 (age 83); rock musician Bob Seger in 1945 (age 69); former British Prime Minister Tony Blair in 1953 (age 61); TV host Tom Bergeron ("Dancing with the Stars") in 1955 (age 59); musician John Flansburgh in 1960 (age 54); NHL record-holding goaltender Martin Brodeur in 1972 (age 42); and actors Roma Downey in 1960 (age 54) and George Clooney in 1961 (age 53).
On this date in history:
In 1527, German troops sacked Rome, killing 4,000 people and looting works of art and literature as part of a series of conflicts between the Hapsburg Empire and the French monarchy.
In 1863, Confederate forces commanded by Gen. Robert E. Lee routed Union troops under Gen. Joseph Hooker at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia.
In 1915, Babe Ruth of the Boston Red Sox hit his first major league home run in a game against the New York Yankees.
In 1935, in the depths of the Depression, the Works Progress Administration was established to provide work for the unemployed.
In 1937, the German dirigible Hindenburg burst into flames while docking in Lakehurst, N.J., killing 36 people.
In 1940, "The Grapes of Wrath" by John Steinbeck was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for fiction.
In 1941, Josef Stalin became official leader of the Soviet government.
In 1954, 25-year-old British medical student Roger Bannister cracked track and field's most famous barrier, the 4-minute mile, during a meet at Oxford, England. His time: 3 minutes, 59.4 seconds.
In 1992, legendary actress Marlene Dietrich died at her Paris home at age 90.
In 1994, the Channel Tunnel, a railway under the English Channel connecting Britain and France, was officially opened.
In 2001, John Paul II became the first pope to enter a mosque -- the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria.
In 2006, the largest rebel group in Sudan's Darfur region and the government of Sudan signed a peace agreement ending their armed conflict in a three-year civil war that claimed an estimated 200,000 lives.
In 2007, conservative Nicolas Sarkozy was elected president of France with 53 percent of the vote in a runoff battle with Socialist Sergolene Royal.
In 2009, Dave Bing, Hall of Fame star for the NBA's Detroit Pistons, was elected mayor of Detroit, succeeding the ousted Kwame Kilpatrick.
In 2010, British voters gave the Conservatives control of Parliament, making David Cameron, 43, Britain's youngest prime minister in almost 200 years.
In 2012, Socialist leader Francois Hollande was elected president of France.
In 2013, three women missing 10 years were found alive in Cleveland. (The man who had kept them as hostages pleaded guilty to charges including kidnapping and rape. He committed suicide in prison.)
A thought for the day: “If you have an apple and I have an apple and we exchange these apples, then you and I will still each have one apple. But if you have an idea and I have an idea and we exchange these ideas, then each of us will have two ideas.” -- George Bernard Shaw