Today is Tuesday, April 22, the 112th day of 2014 with 253 to follow.
The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. The evening stars are Jupiter and Mars.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They include Spanish Queen Isabella I, who funded the first voyage of Christopher Columbus to the New World, in 1451; English novelist Henry Fielding in 1707; German philosopher Immanuel Kant in 1724; Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, leader of Russia's 1917 Communist revolution, in 1870; novelist Vladimir Nabokov in 1899; pioneer nuclear physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer in 1904; actor Eddie Albert in 1906; violin virtuoso Yehudi Menhin in 1916; jazz bass player Charles Mingus in 1922; actress Charlotte Rae in 1926 (age 88); TV producer Aaron Spelling in 1923; singer Glen Campbell in 1936 (age 78); actor Jack Nicholson in 1937 (age 77); businessman and balloon-flight record setter Steve Fossett in 1944; filmmaker John Waters in 1946 (age 68); rock guitarist and singer Peter Frampton in 1950 (age 64); actors Marilyn Chambers in 1952 and Ryan Stiles in 1959 (age 55); comedian/TV host Byron Allen in 1961 (age 53); and actor Chris Makepeace in 1964 (age 50).
On this date in history:
In 1500, Brazil was discovered by Pedro Alvarez Cabral.
In 1889, about 20,000 homesteaders massed along the border of the Oklahoma Territory, awaiting the signal to start the Oklahoma land rush.
In 1914, Babe Ruth made his professional baseball debut as a pitcher for the Baltimore Orioles.
In 1915, during World War I, German forces became the first to use poison gas on the Western Front.
In 1970, Earth Day was first observed.
1972, Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke walked and rode on the surface of the moon for 7 hours, 23 minutes.
In 1985, Jose Sarney was sworn in as Brazil's first civilian president in 21 years.
In 1993, the Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington.
In 1994, Richard Nixon, the 37th U.S. president and the only one to resign from the office, died four days after suffering a stroke. He was 81.
In 1997, a 126-day standoff at the Japanese Embassy in Lima ended after Peruvian commandos stormed the building and freed 72 hostages held by the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. All 14 rebels were killed.
In 2004, former NFL star Pat Tillman, who turned down a lucrative contract with the Arizona Cardinals to join the U.S. Army Rangers, was killed in Afghanistan. (The U.S. military said later he was a victim of friendly fire.)
In 2005, Zacarias Moussaoui, the only man charged in the United States in connection with the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks, pleaded guilty and was sentenced to life in prison.
In 2006, Iraq's Parliament ratified the selection of Nouri al-Maliki as prime minister, ending a four-month political deadlock.
In 2010, Russia banned Scientology literature for "undermining the traditional spiritual values of the citizens of the Russian Federation."
In 2013, Boston Marathon bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was charged with conspiracy to use a weapon of mass destruction resulting in death. (Eventually, Tsarnaev faced 17 federal charges in the April 15 attack that killed three people and injured more than 260.)
A thought for the day: “Choose a job you love and you will never have to work a day in your life.” -- Confucius