The teens are accused of stealing five fried meat pastries, four bottles of cola and about $4.50 from the cafe's register after threatening staff with air guns, RIA Novosti reported.
Police said Friday they caught the suspects, ages 16 and 17, after a 2-hour chase throughout Moscow. The suspects face up to 10 years in prison if convicted.
Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin called for a redesign of air guns and rubber-bullet guns, both of which look similar to real guns.
"Otherwise, a police or army officer could respond to the pointed air gun or traumatic gun by using his service weapon," Rogozin, the head of the defense industry, said via Facebook.