Today is Wednesday, Nov. 13, the 317th day of 2013 with 48 to follow.
The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury and Saturn. The evening stars are Neptune, Uranus and Venus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include St. Augustine of Hippo, a theologian, in 354; King Edward III of England in 1312; Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson in 1850; U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis in 1856; Negro League player and manager Buck O'Neil in 1911; actors Oskar Werner in 1922 and Richard Mulligan in 1932; TV producer/director Garry Marshall in 1934 (age 79); actors Dack Rambo in 1941, Joe Mantegna in 1947 (age 66), Chris Noth in 1954 (age 59), Whoopi Goldberg in 1955 (age 58) and Tracy Scoggins in 1953 (age 60); football Hall of fame member Vinny Testeverde in 1963 (age 50); television talk-show host Jimmy Kimmel in 1967 (age 46); and actors Steve Zahn in 1967 (age 46) and Gerard Butler in 1969 (age 44).
On this date in history:
In 1927, the Holland Tunnel was opened under the Hudson River, linking New York City and New Jersey.
In 1933, the first recorded "sit-down" strike in the United States was staged by workers at the Hormel Packing Co. in Austin, Minn.
In 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in a case from Montgomery, Ala., that segregation on interstate buses was unconstitutional.
In 1967, Carl Stokes became the first black U.S. mayor when he was elected in Cleveland.
In 1982, the Vietnam War Memorial was dedicated in Washington.
In 1985, a volcano erupted in Colombia, killing 25,000 people. It was the third-deadliest volcano disaster in history.
In 1993, Pakistan's Foreign Minister Farooq Leghari was chosen president.
In 2004, an Iraqi national security adviser said up to 1,000 insurgents were killed in a six-day battle for Fallujah.
In 2009, the self-proclaimed organizer of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States, Khalid Sheik Mohammed, will stand trial in New York, with the death penalty likely to be sought, the U.S. Defense Department announced.
In 2010, the military government of Myanmar, formerly Burma, released pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi from house arrest. The leader of the National League for Democracy had spent 15 of the past 21 years confined to her home.
In 2011, Mario Monti, an economist and former EU commissioner, was picked to succeed Silvio Berlusconi as Italy's prime minister. Berlusconi, 75, resigned after Parliament passed austerity measures to address the country's $2.6 trillion debt.
In 2012, Syria's information minister, Omran Zoubi, said there is no power in the world that can topple President Bashar Assad. He said all efforts to replace Assad are futile.
A thought for the day: U.S. Army Gen. Douglas MacArthur said, "In war there is no substitute for victory."