This is Veterans Day in the United States.
The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury and Saturn. The evening stars are Neptune, Uranus and Venus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Abigail Adams, wife of U.S. President John Adams, in 1744; Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky in 1821; Austrian pacifist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Alfred Hermann Fried in 1864; U.S. Army Gen. George Patton in 1885; baseball Hall of Fame member Walter "Rabbit" Maranville in 1891; actor Pat O'Brien in 1899; Alger Hiss, accused of being a communist spy in Washington in the late 1940s, in 1904; actors Robert Ryan in 1909 and Stubby Kaye in 1918; novelist Kurt Vonnegut Jr. in 1922; comedian Jonathan Winters in 1925; jazz musician Mose Allison in 1927 (age 86); golfer Frank "Fuzzy" Zoeller in 1951 (age 62); and actors Stanley Tucci in 1960 (age 53), Demi Moore in 1962 (age 51), Philip McKeon and Calista Flockhart, both in 1964 (age 49) and Leonardo DiCaprio in 1974 (age 39).
On this date in history:
In 1831, Nat Turner, who led fellow slaves on a bloody uprising in Virginia, was hanged. Turner, an educated minister, believed he was chosen by God to lead people out of slavery. About 60 whites were killed in the two-day rampage.
In 1889, Washington was admitted to the union as the 42nd state.
In 1918, World War I ended with the signing of the Armistice.
In 1945, composer Jerome Kern, who wrote such memorable tunes as "Ol' Man River," "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" and "The Last Time I Saw Paris," died at the age of 60.
In 1982, the space shuttle Columbia blasted off on the first commercial space mission.
In 1989, an estimated 1 million East Germans poured into reopened West Germany for a day of celebration, visiting and shopping. Most returned home.
In 1992, the Church of England broke the tradition of a male-only clergy when it voted to allow the ordination of women as priests.
In 1994, Jimi Hendrix's stage outfit, John Lennon's "army" shirt and guitars from the Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia and the Beach Boys were among the items sold at the first pop memorabilia and guitar sale at Christie's in New York.
In 2001, two months after terrorist attacks on the United States, President George W. Bush and leaders from around the world stood near the World Trade Center ruins and, in a solemn ceremony, honored the dead from more than 80 nations.
In 2002, more than 30 people were killed by tornadoes and other storms that swept across the U.S. South and the Ohio Valley.
In 2004, Yasser Arafat, the longtime Palestinian leader whose career ranged from terrorist to diplomat, a key figure in the forever smoldering Middle East, died in a Paris hospital after several days in a coma. He was 75.
In 2005, Harvard-educated Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, dubbed the "Iron Lady," claimed electoral victory and became the first woman president of Liberia.
In 2006, an anonymous tip led investigators to a mass grave in Bosnia containing more than 100 victims of the Srebrenica massacre.
In 2011, Mexican Interior Minister Francisco Blake Mora, point man in the government's war against organized crime and drug cartels, was among eight people killed in a helicopter crash in southern Mexico City.
In 2012, U.S. President Barack Obama laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknowns in a Veterans Day ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery. The wreath, he said, is "to remember every service member who has ever worn our nation's uniform."
A thought for the day: Upon formation of United Artists in 1919, Richard Rowland said, "The lunatics have taken charge of the asylum." (UA was founded by actors Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford and director D.W. Griffith.)
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