Catherine Cyrus, 24, of Brooklyn, had just bought a Sprite from a bodega February 2012 when police surrounded her, asking to see her identification, the New York Post reported.
Police searched her purchase and, finding only the soda, told her to leave the area. When she refused, the officers arrested her, the federal court lawsuit said.
She was charged with disorderly conduct and obstructing governmental administration, and spent five days in jail before being released, the newspaper said.
Judge ShawnDya Simpson dismissed the case when it came up for trial after an officer claimed Cyrus tried to strike one of them. Officers never charged Cyrus with assault and Simpson said the officer's story was "totally incredible."