The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mars, Jupiter and Uranus. Evening stars are Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Venus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Virgo. They include Louis Joliet, French-Canadian explorer of the Mississippi River, in 1645; British author and historian H.G. Wells in 1866; British composer Gustav Holst in 1874; British publisher Allen Lane, who introduced the low-priced paperback book, in 1902; animator Chuck Jones (Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Wile E. Coyote) in 1912; actors Larry Hagman in 1931 and Henry Gibson in 1935; singer/songwriter Leonard Cohen in 1934 (age 79); radio talk show host Diane Rehm in 1936 (age 77); journalist Bill Kurtis in 1940 (age 73); comedian Fannie Flagg in 1944 (age 69); television producer Jerry Bruckheimer in 1945 (age 68); author Stephen King and Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Don Felder (Eagles), both in 1947 (age 66); comedian Bill Murray in 1950 (age 63); champion race car driver Arie Luyendyk in 1953 (age 60); Ethan Coen, one of the filmmaking Coen brothers, in 1957 (age 56); actors Nancy Travis in 1961(age 52), Rob Morrow in 1962 (age 51), Ricki Lake in 1968 (age 45) and Luke Wilson in 1971 (age 42); singer Faith Hill in 1967 (age 46); and television personality Nicole Richie in 1981 (age 32).
On this date in history:
In 1780, American Gen. Benedict Arnold gave plans to the British for the surrender of West Point, N.Y. Arnold's name was forever after associated with the word "traitor."
In 1792, the Legislative Assembly of revolutionary France voted to abolish the monarchy and establish the First Republic, stripping King Louis XVI of most of his power.
In 1893, the first successful American-made, gasoline-operated motorcar appeared on the streets of Springfield, Mass. It was designed and built by Charles and Frank Duryea.
In 1921, following a sex scandal caused by the arrest of comedian Fatty Arbuckle, Universal announced it would require its actors to sign a "morality clause" in their contracts.
In 1937, J.R.R. Tolkien published "The Hobbit."
In 1938, an estimated 600 people were killed by a hurricane that battered the coast of New England.
In 1981, Sandra Day O'Connor received a unanimous vote in the U.S. Senate to become the first female member of the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1985, Western intelligence estimates said the Iran-Iraq war had cost nearly 1 million lives in five years.
In 1991, Armenia became the 12th Soviet republic to declare independence.
In 1996, U.S. President Bill Clinton signed into law the Defense of Marriage Act, which allowed states to disregard same-sex marriages that might be official in other places.
In 1998, Hurricane Georges began a deadly rampage through the Caribbean, killing more than 600 people.
In 1999, at least 2,300 people were killed when an earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale struck Taiwan.
In 2001, a telecast by top movie stars and musicians raised more than $500 million for survivors of the victims of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.
In 2003, the spacecraft Galileo approached the fringes of Jupiter's atmosphere and then was directed to destroy itself in a high-speed plunge.
In 2004, two U.S. hostages were killed by suspected Iraqi insurgents within a day of each other. Jack Hensley and Eugene Armstrong, contractors working for a United Arab Emirates firm, were kidnapped from their Baghdad home.
In 2008, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, under investigation for corruption, resigned and announced he would not run for re-election. In South Africa, Thabo Mbecki, president since 1999, stepped down after losing a power struggle with rival Jacob Zuma.
In 2009, the United States and NATO commander in Afghanistan, Army Gen. Stanley McCrystal, said in a confidential report he needed more troops within a year or the conflict likely would end in failure.
In 2010, Italian authorities said they had seized $17 million and were investigating two top Vatican bankers for alleged money laundering.
In 2011, American hikers Shane Bauer and Joshua Fattal, imprisoned on espionage charges in Iran for more than two years after wandering across the border, were released.
In 2012, officials in Washington said the last of so-called surge forces had been withdrawn from Afghanistan, leaving 68,000 U.S. troops in the country.
A thought for the day: Greek philosopher Epicurus said, "Freedom is the greatest fruit of self-sufficiency."
UPI Almanac for Thursday, Oct. 23, 2014