The "Bad Bad Boy" sculpture, by Finnish artist Tommi Toija, was installed as part of the Orebro Open Art exhibition on the bank of the River Svartan, The Local.se reported Thursday.
A 34-year-old resident who gave her name as Anna said she "really hates" the sculpture and finds its nudity and urination "provocative."
However, another resident, Ebba, 62, said she was slightly amused by the work.
"I think it's interesting," she said. "But I am happy it is not here forever."
Toijas said there is no correct way to interpret his sculpture.
"For me, it's just a guy peeing in the river, no more, no less. Some might see it as a funny thing, others might be provoked," he said.
The sculpture is scheduled to be in place until Sept. 1.