This is Memorial Day in the United States.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Saturn and Venus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include financier Cornelius Vanderbilt in 1794; social reformer Amelia Bloomer, for whom the undergarment was named, in 1818; poet Julia Ward Howe, who wrote the lyrics for "The Battle Hymn of the Republic," in 1819; financier and railroad developer Jay Gould in 1836; frontiersman James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok in 1837; detective novelist Dashiell Hammett in 1894; writer Rachel Carson in 1907; composer Harold Rome in 1908; U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey and actor Vincent Price, both in 1911; golfer Sam Snead in 1912; author Herman Wouk in 1915 (age 98); actor Christopher Lee in 1922 (age 91); former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in 1923 (age 90); writers Tony Hillerman in 1925 and Harlan Ellison in 1934 (age 79); jazz musician Ramsey Lewis and actor Lee Meriwether, both in 1935 (age 78); actors Louis Gossett Jr. in 1936 (age 77) and Bruce Weitz in 1943 (age 70); singer/songwriter Don Williams in 1939 (age 74); and actors Peri Gilpin in 1961 (age 52), Todd Bridges in 1965 (age 48) and Joseph Fiennes in 1970 (age 43).
On this date in history:
In 1703, Czar Peter the Great founded St. Petersburg as the new capital of Russia.
In 1930, Richard Gurley Drew received a patent for his adhesive tape, which was later manufactured by 3M as Scotch tape.
In 1937, San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge was opened. An estimated 200,000 people crossed it the first day.
In 1941, the British navy sank the German battleship Bismarck 400 miles west of the French port of Brest.
In 1968, the U.S. nuclear submarine Scorpion disappeared in the Atlantic with 99 men aboard.
In 1988, the U.S. Senate voted 93-5 in favor of the U.S.-Soviet treaty to abolish intermediate-range nuclear missiles.
In 1990, Cesar Gaviria, 34, was elected president of Colombia after a campaign in which three candidates were killed. He vowed to make no deals with the cocaine cartels.
In 1992, hours after a Russian-brokered cease-fire went into effect in Bosnia, Serb guerrillas launched a surprise mortar bombardment on Sarajevo, killing at least 20 people and injuring up to 160 more waiting in lines to buy bread.
In 1999, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic and four other Serbian leaders were indicted on murder and other war crimes. Milosevic went on trial in 2002 for war crimes but died in 2006 before the trial ended.
In 2004, a federal appeals court in San Francisco upheld Oregon's law authorizing doctors to help their terminally ill patients commit suicide.
In 2006, an earthquake struck the Indonesian island of Java, killing approximately 5,000 people and leaving an estimated 200,000 homeless.
In 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down two decisions protecting employees from retaliation when complaining about discrimination in the workplace.
In 2009, the death toll from Cyclone Aila in India and Bangladesh stood at 180 with an estimated 6,600 injuries and 180,000 smashed homes.
In 2012, police in Chicago said a wave of weekend shootings left a teenager dead and two dozen people wounded, including a 6-year-old girl.
A thought for the day: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote, "Most people would succeed in small things if they were not troubled with great ambitions."
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UPI Almanac for Saturday, Sept. 20, 2014