The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They include English physician Edward Jenner, developer of the smallpox vaccine, in 1749; English writer Robert Surtees in 1805; Schuyler Wheeler, inventor of the electric fan, in 1860; French composer Erik Satie in 1866; baseball Hall of Fame member James "Cool Papa" Bell in 1903; actors Maureen O'Sullivan in 1911, Dennis Hopper in 1936, Bill Paxton in 1955 (age 58) and Bob Saget in 1956 (age 57); musician Taj Mahal in 1942 (age 71); boxer Sugar Ray Leonard in 1956 (age 57); sports broadcaster Jim Nantz in 1959 (age 54); Irish New Age singer Enya in 1961 (age 52); Scottish comedian Craig Ferguson in 1962 (age 51).
On this date in history:
In 1792, 24 brokers met in New York City and formed the New York Stock Exchange.
In 1875, Aristides was the winner of the first Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Ky.
In 1954, in a major civil rights victory, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional.
In 1973, the U.S. Senate Watergate Committee opened hearings into a break-in at Democratic National headquarters in Washington.
In 1987, two Iraqi Exocet missiles hit the frigate USS Stark in the Persian Gulf, killing 37 seamen. Iraq apologized for mistaking the ship's identity and the Stark's top officers were reprimanded and retired.
In 1989, 1 million people demonstrated for democratic reforms in Beijing. The number of students fasting to support the drive reached 3,000.
In 1994, the U.N. Security Council approved sending troops to secure the airport in the civil war-torn African nation of Rwanda.
In 2000, prosecutors in Birmingham, Ala., charged two longtime suspects in the deaths of four girls in a church bombing in 1963 that became a watershed event in the civil rights movement. The suspects were convicted in May 2001.
In 2004, the president of the Iraqi Governing Council, Ezzedine Salim, was assassinated in Baghdad by a suicide bomber.
Also in 2004, Massachusetts became the first state to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
In 2005, Los Angeles voters elected Antonio Villaraigosa as the city's first Hispanic mayor since 1872.
In 2007, the United States' "minority" citizenship topped the 100 million mark, about one-third of the total American population, the U.S. Census Bureau said. Hispanics made up the largest group, edging African-Americans 44.3 million to 40.2 million.
In 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama called for civility and compromise on the divisive abortion issue in an address to graduates of Notre Dame University, the noted Catholic school that drew considerable criticism from abortion foes for its invitation to a pro-abortion-rights president to speak.
Also in 2009, Pakistani military officials reported killing 1,000 militants, severely weakening Taliban control of the North-West Frontier province.
In 2010, the U.S. Supreme Court banned the sentencing of a juvenile to life in prison for a non-homicide case, calling the practice unconstitutional and cruel and unusual punishment.
In 2012, U.S. President Barack Obama said Myanmar is making progress "in the path to Democracy" and announced his nomination of Derek Mitchell as the first U.S. ambassador to the Southeast Asian country.
A thought for the day: Frank Lloyd Wright said, "The physician can bury his mistakes but the architect can only advise his clients to plant vines."
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