Today is Monday, April 22, the 112th day of 2013 with 253 to follow.
The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Saturn, Neptune and Uranus. The evening star is Jupiter.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They include Spanish Queen Isabella I, who funded the first voyage of Christopher Columbus to the New World, in 1451; English novelist Henry Fielding in 1707; German philosopher Immanuel Kant in 1724; Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, leader of Russia's 1917 Communist revolution, in 1870; novelist Vladimir Nabokov in 1899; pioneer nuclear physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer in 1904; actor Eddie Albert in 1906; violin virtuoso Yehudi Menuhin in 1916; jazz bass player Charles Mingus in 1922; actress Charlotte Rae in 1926 (age 87); TV producer Aaron Spelling in 1923; singer Glen Campbell in 1936 (age 77); actor Jack Nicholson in 1937 (age 76); businessman and balloon-flight record setter Steve Fossett in 1944; filmmaker John Waters in 1946 (age 67); rock guitarist and singer Peter Frampton in 1950 (age 63); actors Marilyn Chambers in 1952 and Ryan Stiles in 1959 (age 54); comedian/TV host Byron Allen in 1961 (age 52); and actor Chris Makepeace in 1964 (age 49).
On this date in history:
In 1500, Brazil was discovered by Pedro Alvarez Cabral.
In 1889, about 20,000 homesteaders massed along the border of the Oklahoma Territory, awaiting the signal to start the Oklahoma land rush.
In 1915, during World War I, German forces became the first to use poison gas on the Western Front.
In 1970, Earth Day was first marked.
In 1985, Jose Sarney was sworn in as Brazil's first civilian president in 21 years.
In 1990, Muslim extremists in Lebanon freed a U.S. hostage for the first time in more than three years, releasing Robert Polhill, a college professor, after 39 months in captivity.
In 1991, 70 people were killed and 500 injured when an earthquake measuring 7.4 on the Richter scale struck Costa Rica.
In 1993, the Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington.
In 1994, Richard Nixon, the 37th U.S. president and the only one to resign from the office, died four days after suffering a stroke. He was 81.
In 1997, a 126-day standoff at the Japanese Embassy in Lima ended after Peruvian commandos stormed the building and freed 72 hostages held by the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. All 14 rebels were killed.
In 2000, in a predawn raid, armed U.S. immigration agents broke into the Miami house where Elian Gonzalez had been staying, took charge of the 6-year-old Cuban refugee, then flew him to Washington to be reunited with his Cuban father.
In 2004, former NFL star Pat Tillman, who turned down a lucrative contract with the Arizona Cardinals to join the U.S. Army Rangers, was killed in Afghanistan. The U.S. military said later he was a victim of friendly fire.
In 2006, Iraq's Parliament ratified the selection of Nouri al-Maliki as prime minister, ending a four-month political deadlock.
In 2007, gunmen in the Iraqi city of Mosul killed 23 followers of Yazidi, a religious minority, after they were pulled from their bus. Individuals of other faiths were unharmed.
In 2010, Russia banned Scientology literature for "undermining the traditional spiritual values of the citizens of the Russian Federation."
In 2012, U.S. officials said they reached a preliminary security agreement that pledges U.S. support for Afghanistan for 10 years after the American troop withdrawal is completed in 2014.
A thought for the day: Confucius said: "I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand."