This is Labor Day in the United States.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mercury, Venus, Jupiter and Uranus. Evening stars are Neptune, Saturn and Mars.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Virgo. They include teacher Prudence Crandall, controversial for her efforts to educate black girls, in 1803; architect Louis Sullivan, called the father of the skyscraper, in 1856; automobile designer Ferdinand Porsche in 1875; actor Alan Ladd in 1913; actor/singer Kitty Carlisle in 1910; cartoonist Mort Walker ("Beetle Bailey") in 1923 (age 89); Albert DeSalvo, known as the Boston Strangler, in 1931; musician Al Jardine of the Beach Boys in 1942 (age 70); actors Anne Jackson in 1926 (age 86), Eileen Brennan in 1932 (age 80); Pauline Collins in 1940 (age 72), Valerie Perrine in 1943 (age 69) and Charlie Sheen in 1965 (age 47); and Olympic gold medalist snowboarder Shaun White in 1986 (age 26).
On this date in history:
In 1777, the U.S. flag was flown in battle for the first time, during a Revolutionary War skirmish at Cooch's Bridge, Del.
In 1783, the Treaty of Paris was signed, officially ending the American Revolutionary War and recognizing U.S. independence from Britain.
In 1916, the Allies turned back the Germans in the World War I Battle of Verdun.
In 1936, Britain's Malcolm Campbell set a land-speed record on the Bonneville Salt Flats of Utah, averaging 301.129 mph in two runs.
In 1939, Britain declared war on Germany and was quickly joined by France, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Canada.
In 1991, film director Frank Capra, best known for such feel-good movies as "It Happened One Night" and "It's A Wonderful Life," died at the age of 94.
In 1992, an Italian plane carrying eight people and nearly 10,000 pounds of blankets for Bosnian war victims crashed en route to Sarajevo. Evidence suggested it was shot down.
In 1997, Arizona Gov. Fife Symington was convicted of fraud by a federal jury in Phoenix and resigned two days later, becoming the third U.S. governor in recent years to quit because of a criminal conviction.
In 2001, the United States and Israel walked out of the U.N. conference on racism in Durban, South Africa.
In 2004, the 3-day Russian school crisis ended in a bloody 13-hour battle when security forces stormed the Beslan school building after Chechen terrorists opened fire on hostages. At least 350 people, including about 155 children, were killed. All but one of the 31 suspected hostage-takers also died.
In 2005, William H. Rehnquist, the chief justice of the United States, died at the age of 80 after a long bout with thyroid cancer. He had been on the Supreme Court since 1971.
In 2008, U.S. Sen. John McCain of Arizona was officially nominated as the Republican presidential candidate at the national GOP convention in St. Paul, Minn. Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin was nominated for vice president, the first Republican woman candidate for such a high office.
Also in 2008, in what was reported to be their first acknowledged ground attack on Pakistani soil, U.S. military forces raided a village near the Afghanistan border said to be home to al-Qaida militants.
In 2009, authorities reported evidence indicating that the largest brushfire in Los Angeles County history had been deliberately set. Two firefighters were killed and close to 150,000 acres were scorched in the $43.5 million blaze.
Also in 2009, the United States said it had cut off all non-humanitarian aid to Honduras to try to pressure the de facto government into reinstating ousted President Manuel Zelaya.
In 2010, the U.S. unemployment rate edged up to 9.6 percent as the government reported a loss of 54,000 jobs in August.
In 2011, people took to the streets in Israel to protest growing social and economical inequality and the rising cost of living. The rally drew a reported half-million people in Tel Aviv and smaller crowds in Jerusalem, Haifa and half a dozen other cities.
A thought for the day: Louis Sullivan said, "Form ever follows function."