The moon is waning. Morning stars are Venus, Jupiter, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Mercury, Saturn and Mars.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include German composer Robert Schumann in 1810; architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1867; science fiction publisher John W. Campbell in 1910; British geneticist Francis Crick, who helped determine the "double helix" structure of DNA, in 1916; college football Hall of Fame member and former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Byron White in 1917; actor Robert Preston in 1918; painter LeRoy Neiman in 1921 (age 91); former first lady Barbara Bush in 1925 (age 87); actor Jerry Stiller in 1927 (age 85); comedian Joan Rivers in 1933 (age 79); actor/singer James Darren in 1936 (age 76); singer Nancy Sinatra in 1940 (age 72); singer/songwriter Boz Scaggs in 1944 (age 68); actors Kathy Baker in 1950 (age 62) and Griffin Dunne in 1955 (age 57); "Dilbert" cartoonist Scott Adams in 1957 (age 55); comedian Keenen Ivory Wayans in 1958 (age 54); rock musician Nick Rhodes in 1962 (age 50); actor Julianna Margulies in 1966 (age 46); and rapper Kanye West in 1977 (age 35).
On this date in history:
In 1789, James Madison proposed the Bill of Rights, which led to the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
In 1861, Tennessee seceded from the Union to join the Confederacy.
In 1869, Ives McGaffney of Chicago obtained a patent for a "sweeping machine," the first vacuum cleaner.
In 1967, the USS Liberty, an intelligence ship sailing in international waters off Egypt, was attacked by Israeli jet planes and torpedo boats. Thirty-four Americans were killed in the attack, which Israel claimed was a case of mistaken identity.
In 1968, James Earl Ray, an escaped convict, was arrested in London and charged with the assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.
In 1987, Fawn Hall, former secretary to Iran-Contra scandal figure Oliver North, told congressional hearings that to protect her boss, she helped him alter and shred sensitive documents and smuggle papers out of the White House.
In 1992, the U.N. Security Council authorized deployment of an infantry battalion to take over the airport in Sarajevo, Bosnia, and open it to humanitarian aid flights.
In 1994, two of the major warring factions in Bosnia, the Muslim-Croat federation and the Bosnian Serbs, signed a cease-fire agreement.
In 1995, U.S. Marines rescued downed American pilot Scott O'Grady in Bosnia.
In 1999, the case of five New York City police officers accused in the 1997 torturing of a Haitian immigrant ended with the conviction of one of the officers. A second officer pleaded guilty, three others were acquitted.
In 2003, U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell said he stands by his testimony before the United Nations that Iraq did have weapons of mass destruction before the war.
In 2004, police in Milan, Italy, arrested an Egyptian man suspected of masterminding the March 11 Madrid commuter train bombings in which 191 people were killed and more than 2,000 were injured.
In 2006, the leader of al-Qaida in Iraq, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, and seven others were confirmed killed after an airstrike on a house north of Baquba.
In 2007, leaders of the eight industrialized nations meeting in Germany agreed to consider ways to cut greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2050 and to spend $60 billion to treat AIDS and other diseases in the Third World.
In 2008, the AAA reported the average cost of gasoline in the United States had reached $4 a gallon for the first time.
Also in 2009, the Obama administration forecast around 660,000 saved and new jobs over the next 100 days of the recovery act, covering a wide variety of projects including roads, airports and military and veterans facilities and money for teachers and law enforcement.
In 2010, the Tea Party, a grassroots-dominated protest movement made up largely of disaffected conservatives, mostly Republican voters, burst onto the political scene in 2009 and within a year had become a potent force in deciding the GOP lineup in the mid-term elections.
In 2011, Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi vowed to fight on to the death as NATO bombed his Tripoli compound and his forces counterattacked in Misurata.
Also in 2011, U.S. temperature records were broken in the mid-Atlantic states as muggy sweltering weather blanketed the East Coast.
A thought for the day: James Madison said, "I believe there are more instances of the abridgment of the freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments of those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations."
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