The rankings, undertaken for the past four years, rate the 70 largest U.S. cities based on whether residents read. USA Today reported John Miller, a researcher and president of Central Connecticut State University in New Britain, developer of the system, says "The top stayed at the top and the bottom stayed at the bottom."
Six categories determine where a city ranks: newspaper circulation, number of bookstores, library resources, periodical publishing resources, educational attainment and Internet resources.
Seattle and Minneapolis retained their top spots from last year while Atlanta pulled into a tie with Washington for No. 3. Minneapolis' Twin City -- St. Paul -- came in fifth. At the other end of the list came No. 69 Stockton, Calif., and 70th El Paso, Texas, USA Today said.