The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Venus and Saturn. The evening stars are Mercury, Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune, Mars and Pluto.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include frontier nurseryman Johnny Appleseed Chapman in 1774; poet T.S. Eliot in 1888; German philosopher Martin Heidegger in 1889; actor George Raft in 1895; Pope Paul VI in 1897; composer George Gershwin in 1898; bandleader Ted Weems in 1901; country singers Marty Robbins in 1925 and Lynn Anderson in 1947 (age 59); actress Mary Beth Hurt and singer Olivia Newton-John, both in 1948 (age 58); actresses Linda Hamilton in 1956 (age 50) and Melissa Sue Anderson in 1962 (age 44); and tennis star Serena Williams in 1981 (age 25).
On this date in history:
In 1777, British troops occupied Philadelphia.
In 1950, U.N. troops took the South Korean capital of Seoul from North Korean forces.
In 1983, the yacht Australia II won the America's Cup from the United States, ending the longest winning streak in sports -- 132 years.
In 1984, China and Britain initialed an accord to return Hong Kong to Chinese control when Britain's lease expires in 1997.
In 1990, the Motion Picture Association of America, under pressure from legitimate filmmakers, adopted the "NC-17" rating -- no children under 17 allowed -- to replace the "X" rating exploited by the porn industry.
In 1991, four men and four women entered the huge, airtight greenhouse Biosphere II in Arizona. They remained inside for two years, emerging on this date in 1993.
In 1994, the double murder trial of football legend O.J. Simpson began in Los Angeles. He eventually was acquitted.
In 1996, the space shuttle Atlantis landed, returning astronaut Shannon Lucid to Earth. Her 6-month tour aboard the Mir space station set a record for a woman in space, as well as a record stay for any U.S. astronaut.
In 2004, Tropical Storm Jeanne moved ashore on the east coast of Florida, north of West Palm Beach, and headed inland to Georgia. The storm claimed six lives.
In 2005, emergency officials say Hurricane Rita heavily damaged every house in several coastal Louisiana towns. Flooding was widespread, with Louisiana's Cameron Parish near the Texas border, as much as 15 feet under water. Iberia Parish officials said 3,000 houses flooded. Two storm-related deaths were reported.
Also in 2005, U.S. Army Pfc. Lynndie England, photographed in widely distributed pictures with inmates at Iraq's Abu Ghraib prison, was convicted of conspiracy and prisoner abuse. She was sentenced to three years in prison two days later.
A thought for the day: poet T.S. Eliot said, "There never was a time when those that read at all, read so many more books by living authors than books by dead authors; there never was a time so completely parochial, so shut off from the past."
UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 20, 2014
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