The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Venus, Neptune, Uranus, Mercury and Pluto. The evening stars are Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They include educator Horace Mann in 1796; English biologist and agnostic Thomas Huxley in 1825; American landscape painter Frederick Church in 1826; New York Roman Catholic Cardinal Francis Spellman in 1889; Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in 1928 (age 78); musician Maynard Ferguson in 1928 (age 78); actress Audrey Hepburn in 1929; opera singer Roberta Peters in 1930 (age 76); editor/columnist George Will in 1941 (age 65); singer Nickolas Ashford in 1942 (age 64); actress Pia Zadora in 1956 (age 50); and country singer Randy Travis in 1959 (age 47).
On this date in history:
In 1494, on his second expedition to the New World, Columbus discovered Jamaica.
In 1886, four police officers were killed when a bomb was thrown during a meeting of anarchists in Chicago's Haymarket Square protesting labor unrest. Four leaders of the demonstration, which became known as the Haymarket Square Riot, were later convicted and hanged.
In 1942, the Battle of the Coral Sea began. It was a turning point in World War II, with Japan losing 39 ships and the United States one.
In 1970, National Guardsmen killed four students at Kent State University in Ohio during a demonstration against the Vietnam War.
In 1980, President Joseph Broz Tito of Yugoslavia died at age 87.
In 1982, an Argentine jet fighter sank the British destroyer HMS Sheffield during the Falkland Islands war.
In 1987, the U.S. Supreme Court voted 7-0 to uphold a California law requiring the state's all-male Rotary Clubs to admit women.
In 1990, Latvia became the third and last of the Baltic republics to take steps toward secession from the Soviet Union.
In 1993, jeans giant Levi Strauss said it would sever most ties with Chinese contractors because of alleged human rights violations in the communist nation.
In 1997, FBI Director Louis Freeh indicated that "catastrophic mechanical failure" was the most likely cause of the crash of TWA Flight 800 the previous July.
In 1998, a federal judge ruled President Bill Clinton could not invoke executive privilege or attorney-client privilege to prevent aides from testifying in the investigation into the Monica Lewinsky affair.
In 2000, the "I Love You" computer virus crashed computers around the world.
In 2001, Pope John Paul II flew to Greece to begin a journey retracing the steps of the Apostle Paul through historic lands.
In 2003, U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, in a television talk show appearance, refused to rule out the possibility of war with North Korea.
In 2004, the U.S. Army said it was conducting 35 criminal investigations into the treatment of prisoners in Iraq and Afghanistan. Twenty-five of those are said to involve deaths of prisoners, including 13 possible homicides.
In 2005, two days after U.S. Army Pvt. Lynndie England pleaded guilty to charges related to alleged prisoner abuse at Baghdad's Abu Ghraib prison the judge threw out the plea and declared a mistrial. The judge said it was not clear whether the Army reservist knew at the time she was acting illegally.
A thought for the day: Michel de Montaigne said, "There is no conversation more boring than the one where everybody agrees."
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