The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mercury, Venus and Saturn. The evening stars are Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune, Mars and Pluto.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include England's Queen Elizabeth I in 1533; American primitive painter Anna "Grandma" Moses in 1860; financier J. Pierpont Morgan Jr. in 1867; heart surgeon Michael DeBakey in 1908 (age 96); film director Elia Kazan in 1909; physicist and rocket developer James Van Allen in 1914 (age 90); actor Peter Lawford in 1923; Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, in 1924 (age 80); rock 'n' roll pioneer Buddy Holly in 1936; actors John Philip Law ("The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming") in 1937 (age 67), Richard Roundtree in 1942 (age 62), Susan Blakey in 1950 (age 54), Julie Kavner in 1951 (age 53) and Corbin Bernsen in 1954 (age 50); and musician Michael Feinstein in 1956 (age 48).
- On this date in history:
In 1822, Brazil declared independence from Portugal.
In 1901, the Boxer Rebellion in China ended with the Boxer Protocol.
In 1926, Hollywood studios closed for the day in honor of the funeral of Rudolph Valentino, the silent movie superstar who had died after ulcer surgery.
In 1940, Nazi Germany launched the London blitz, a bombing that Adolf Hitler believed would soften Britain for invasion. The invasion never materialized.
In 1986, Desmond Tutu was installed as the Anglican archbishop of Cape Town, becoming first black titular head of South Africa's fourth-largest Christian church.
In 1991, a European Community-sponsored Yugoslav peace conference opened in The Hague, Netherlands.
In 1992, black soldiers in the South African homeland of Ciskei killed 23 people and wounded nearly 200 when they fired on thousands of African National Congress supporters.
Also in 1992, 12 people were killed when a twin-engine plane carrying skydivers crashed in a soybean field in Hinckley, Ill.
And in 1992, Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent quit, five days after the game's owners resoundingly voted to ask him to resign.
In 1993, President Clinton and Vice President Gore announced a broad program to streamline the government. Also in 1993, South Africa's ruling National Party agreed to share power with a multi-party council that would be established within two months.
In 1996, "Dr. Death" Jack Kevorkian assisted in a 40th suicide in Michigan. In 1999, Viacom, the world's largest cable network company, announced plans to buy CBS.
And, in 2002, Serena Williams defeated her sister Venus, 6-4, 6-3, to win the women's U.S. Open tennis tournament.
In 2003, President George W. Bush asked Congress for $87 billion to pay for the occupation and reconstruction of Iraq.
In 2003 sports, Andy Roddick won the U.S. Open men's singles title and Justine Henin-Hardenne of Belgium took the women's crown.
A thought for the day: American lawyer and statesman Daniel Webster said, "Knowledge is the only fountain both of the love and the principles of human liberty."