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The Almanac

By United Press International   |   Dec. 24, 2003 at 3:30 AM   |   Comments

Today is Wednesday, Dec. 24, the 358th day of 2003 with seven to follow.

This is Christmas Eve. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are, Jupiter, Pluto and Saturn. The evening stars are Venus, Mars, Mercury, Uranus and Neptune.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Capricorn. They include English King John I in 1167; American diplomat Silas Deane in 1737; physician and chemist Benjamin Rush in 1745; frontiersman Christopher "Kit" Carson in 1809; English physicist and inventor James Prescott Joule in 1818; film director Michael Curtiz ("Captain Blood," "Casablanca") in 1888; composer Harry Warren ("Lullaby of Broadway," "Chattanooga Choo Choo") in 1893; industrialist Howard Hughes in 1905; actress Ava Gardner in 1922; author/director Nicholas Meyer in 1945 (age 58); actor Diedrich Bader ("The Drew Carey Show") in 1966 (age 37); and pop singer Ricky Martin in 1971 (age 32).


On this date in history:

In 1814, the Treaty of Ghent was signed by representatives of the United States and Britain, ending the War of 1812.

In 1851, the Library of Congress and part of the Capitol building in Washington, D.C., were destroyed by fire.

In 1865, a group of Confederate veterans met in Pulaski, Tenn., to form a secret society they called the "Ku Klux Klan."

In 1871, Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Aida" premiered in Cairo. It had been commissioned to commemorate the opening of the Suez Canal.

In 1906. Reginald A. Fessenden, a Canadian-born radio inventor, broadcast the first musical program, accompanying on violin a female singer's "O Holy Night," from Brant Rock, Mass. He discovered the superheterodyne principle, the basis for all modern radio receivers.

In 1942, German rocket engineers launched the first surface-to-surface guided missile.

Also in 1942, Adm. Jean Louis Darlan, the French administrator of North Africa, was assassinated as a sympathizer of the French Vichy regime.

In 1983, one of the nation's severest early season cold waves in history claimed nearly 300 lives.

In 1989, Manuel Noriega, the object of U.S. invasion forces, took refuge at the Vatican Embassy in Panama City and asked for political asylum.

In 1990, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein reportedly threatened to attack Tel Aviv, Israel, if the allies tried to retake Kuwait.

Also in 1990, the bells of St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow rang to celebrate Christmas for the first time since the death of Lenin.

In 1992, President Bush issued Christmas Eve pardons to former Defense Secretary Weinberger and five others snared in the Reagan administration's Iran-Contra scandal.

In 1994, Islamic militants hijacked an Air France Airbus. The hijacking ended two days later when the plane was stormed by French paramilitary commandos in Marseille, who killed the four militants.

In 1996, Christmas was celebrated for a second year in Bethlehem under Palestinian rule.

In 1997, a French court convicted the international terrorist known as Carlos the Jackal of the 1975 murders of three men in Paris and sentenced him to life in prison.

In 2002, North Korea warned of an "uncontrollable catastrophe" if the United States failed to agree to negotiations on nuclear-related issues.


A thought for the day: Eugene Field said, "Most all the time, the whole year round, there ain't no flies on me, "But jest 'fore Christmas I'm as good as I kin be!"

© 2003 United Press International, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Any reproduction, republication, redistribution and/or modification of any UPI content is expressly prohibited without UPI's prior written consent.
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