The moon is waxing.
The morning stars are Jupiter and Saturn. The evening stars are Mars, Pluto, Mercury, Venus, Uranus and Neptune.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include England's Queen Elizabeth I in 1533; American primitive painter Anna "Grandma" Moses in 1860; financier J. Pierpont Morgan Jr. in 1867; heart surgeon Michael DeBakey in 1908 (age 95); film director Elia Kazan in 1909 (age 94); physicist and rocket developer James Van Allen in 1914 (age 89); actor Peter Lawford in 1923; Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, in 1924 (age 79); rock 'n' roll pioneer Buddy Holly in 1936; actors John Philip Law ("The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming") in 1937 (age 66), Richard Roundtree in 1942 (age 61), Susan Blakey in 1950 (age 53), Julie Kavner ("The Simpsons") in 1951 (age 52) and Corbin Bernsen in 1954 (age 49); and musician Michael Feinstein in 1956 (age 47).
On this date in history:
In 1822, Brazil declared independence from Portugal.
In 1901, the Boxer Rebellion in China ended with the Boxer Protocol.
In 1926, Hollywood studios closed for the day in honor of the funeral of Rudolph Valentino, the silent movie superstar who had died after ulcer surgery.
In 1940, Nazi Germany launched the London blitz, a bombing that Adolf Hitler believed would soften Britain for invasion. The invasion never materialized.
In 1986, Desmond Tutu was installed as the Anglican archbishop of Cape Town, becoming first black titular head of South Africa's fourth-largest Christian church.
In 1991, a European Community-sponsored Yugoslav peace conference opened in The Hague, Netherlands.
In 1992, black soldiers in the South African homeland of Ciskei killed 23 people and wounded nearly 200 when they fired on thousands of African National Congress supporters.
Also in 1992, 12 people were killed when a twin-engine plane carrying skydivers crashed in a soybean field in Hinckley, Ill.
And in 1992, Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent quit, five days after the game's owners resoundingly voted to ask him to resign.
In 1993, President Clinton and Vice President Gore announced a broad program to streamline the government. Also in 1993, South Africa's ruling National Party agreed to share power with a multi-party council that would be established within two months.
In 1996, "Dr. Death" Jack Kevorkian assisted in a 40th suicide in Michigan. In 1999, Viacom, the world's largest cable network company, announced plans to buy CBS.
And, in 2002, Serena Williams defeated her sister Venus, 6-4, 6-3, to win the women's U.S. Open tennis tournament.
A thought for the day: American lawyer and statesman Daniel Webster said, "Knowledge is the only fountain both of the love and the principles of human liberty."