The Almanac

By United Press International   |   Aug. 22, 2003 at 3:30 AM

Today is Friday, Aug. 22, the 234th day of 2003 with 131 to follow.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mars, Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus. The evening stars are Mercury, Venus, Pluto, and Neptune.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include French composer Claude Debussy in 1862; Charles Jenkins, inventor of the conical drinking cup and also airplane brakes, in 1867; writer and critic Dorothy Parker in 1893; heart surgeon Denton Cooley and science fiction writer Ray Bradbury, both in 1920 (age 83); French fashion designer Marc Bohan in 1926 (age 77); Gulf War hero and retired U.S. Army Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf in 1934 (age 69); actresses Valerie Harper in 1941 (age 62) and Cindy Williams in 1947 (age 56); and singer/songwriter Tori Amos in 1963 (age 40).

On this date in history:

in 1851, the U.S.-built schooner America defeated a fleet of Britain's finest ships in a race around England's Isle of Wight. The ornate silver trophy won by the America, which became known as America's Cup, was later donated to the New York Yacht Club on condition that it be forever placed in international competition.

In 1881, American humanitarians Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons founded the American National Red Cross, an organization designed to provide humanitarian aid to victims of wars and natural disasters in congruence with the International Red Cross.

In 1911, the "Mona Lisa" was stolen from the Louvre Museum in Paris. It was recovered four months later.

In 1922, Michael Collins, a founder of the Irish Republican Army and a key figure in Ireland's independence movement, was assassinated by political opponents.

In 1968, Pope Paul VI arrived in Colombia, becoming the first pontiff ever to visit South America.

In 1986, Kerr-McGee Corp. agreed to pay the estate of nuclear industry worker Karen Silkwood more than $1 million, ending a 10-year legal battle waged by her family over her exposure to radioactive materials at the company's plant.

In 1991, Soviet President Gorbachev refused to join Russian Republic President Boris Yeltsin in holding the Communist parliament responsible for the coup.

In 1995, Rep. Mel Reynolds, D-Ill, was convicted of having sex with an underage girl. He would resign his office, effective Oct. 1.

In 1997, a judge scheduled the trial of Paula Jones' sexual harassment lawsuit against President Clinton to begin in May 1998. The suit was later thrown out before the trial began.

Also in 1997, federal officials ordered a new election for president of the Teamsters Union after determining that the campaign of winner Ron Carey had received illegal contributions.

In 2001, the Bush administration projected that the federal surplus, not including Social Security, would be $600 million, a far cry from the $122 billion projected in July.

A thought for the day: Adlai Stevenson said, "...shouting is not a substitute for thinking and reason is not the subversion but the salvation of freedom."

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