The Almanac

By United Press International   |   Jan. 11, 2003 at 3:30 AM

Today is Saturday, Jan. 11, the 11th day of 2003 with 354 to follow.

The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Pluto and Mercury. The evening stars are Uranus, Saturn and Neptune.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Capricorn. They include American statesman Alexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the Treasury, in 1757; Ezra Cornell, founder of Western Union Telegraph company and Cornell University, in 1807; Sir John MacDonald, first prime minister of Canada, in 1815; psychologist and philosopher William James in 1842; feminist lawyer Alice Paul in 1885; South African novelist Alan Paton ("Cry the Beloved Country") in 1903; actor Rod Taylor in 1930 (age 73); Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien in 1934 (age 69); and singers Naomi Judd in 1946 (age 57) and Mary J. Blige in 1971 (age 32).

On this date in history:

In 1785, the Continental Congress convened in New York City.

In 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union.

In 1935, American aviator Amelia Earhart Putnam became the first woman to fly across the Pacific from Hawaii to California.

In 1964, U.S. Surgeon General Luther Terry released a report saying smoking cigarettes is a definite "health hazard."

In 1984, the U.S. Supreme Court reinstated a $10 million award to the family of Oklahoma nuclear worker Karen Silkwood, who died in 1974.

In 1990, martial law, imposed during the June 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy movement, was lifted in Beijing.

Also in 1990, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev visited Lithuania in effort to cool secessionist fervor.

In 1991, Congress authorized the use of military force to oust Iraq from Kuwait.

In 1993, doctors in Pittsburgh performed the second ever baboon-to-human liver transplant; the 62-year-old recipient did not survive long.

In 1994, President Clinton kicked off a visit to Eastern Europe with a stop in Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic.

In 1995, the U.S. State Department accused Russia of breaking an international agreement by making major troop movements into the rebel republic of Chechnya without providing notification.

Also in 1995, hockey team owners and players reached an agreement, salvaging the 1994-95 NHL season.

In 1996, the Japanese Diet elected Ryutaro Hashimoto, head of the Liberal Democratic Party, as the new premier.

In 2000, the British government declared Chile's Gen. Augusto Pinochet medically unfit to stand trial in Spain. The ruling cleared the way for the former dictator to avoid charges of crimes against humanity.

In 2001, the Federal Communications Commission approved the merger of American Online and Time Warner Inc., creating the world's largest media conglomerate.

Also in 2001, a yearlong investigation by the U.S. Army concluded that American soldiers shot and killed unarmed South Korean civilians in July 1950 during the Korean War.

In 2002, Ford announced it planned to lay off 35,000 employes, drop four car models and close four plants.

Also in 2002, Taliban and al-Qaeda fighters captured in Afghanistan were flown to the U.S. Naval base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba.

And more from 2002, the father who killed another father after hockey practice in which their sons took part at a Reading, Mass., rink, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter.

A thought for the day: William James said, "There is no worse lie than a truth misunderstood by those who hear it."

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