The Almanac

By United Press International   |   Oct. 19, 2001 at 4:45 AM

Today is Friday, Oct. 19, the 292nd day of 2001 with 73 to follow.

The moon is waxing, moving toward its first quarter.

The morning stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn.

The evening stars are Mercury and Mars.

Those born on this day are under the sign of Libra. They include English physician and scholar Sir Thomas Browne in 1605; abolitionist Cassius Marcellus Clay in 1810; historian and city planner Lewis Mumford in 1895; actress LaWanda Page ("Sanford and Son") in 1920 (age 81); newspaper columnist Jack Anderson in 1922 (age 79); English spy novelist John Le Carre, whose real name is David Cornwell, in 1931 (age 70); pop artist Peter Max in 1937 (age 64); actor John Lithgow and feminist Patricia Ireland, both in 1945 (age 56); boxer Evander Holyfield in 1962 (age 39); and Amy Carter, daughter of former President Carter, in 1967 (age 34).

On this date in history:

In 1781, Britain's Lord Cornwallis surrendered with more than 7,000 troops to Gen. George Washington at Yorktown, Va., effectively ending the American War of Independence.

In 1812, Napoleon's beaten army began its long retreat from Moscow.

In 1982, carmaker John DeLorean was arrested in Los Angeles and charged in a $24 million cocaine scheme aimed at salvaging his bankrupt sports car company. He was tried and acquitted.

In 1987, the New York stock market suffered its biggest ever setback, with the bellwether Dow Jones Industrial Average nose-diving 508 points in one session.

In 1990, the Soviet Parliament approved a compromise plan for a cautious move toward market economy.

In 1992, President Bush, Democrat Bill Clinton and independent Ross Perot faced off in East Lansing, Mich., for their third and final debate of the presidential campaign.

In 1993, a United Nations oil and arms embargo against Haiti was reinstated in an effort to return the exiled Jean-Bertrand Aristide as president of Haiti.

Also in 1993, former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was re-elected prime minister.

In 1994, more than 20 people were killed in the terrorist bombing of a bus in Tel Aviv, Israel. Islamic militants claimed responsibility.

In 2000, independent counsel Robert Ray released his final report about the White House travel office scandal dubbed "Travel-gate." In it, he said first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton gave "factually false" sworn testimony but that, as had been reported earlier, there was not enough evidence to bring criminal charges.

A thought for the day: Greek playwright Euripides wrote, "Do not consider painful what is good for you."

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