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Study: Patient tissue better than cadaver in ACL reconstruction

By Marilyn Malara   |   March 5, 2016 at 3:44 PM

ORLANDO, Fla., March 5 (UPI) -- Using tissue from surgical patients themselves is still a better option over cadaver tissue in ACL reconstruction surgeries, a new study found.

The study, carried out by researchers at Kaiser Permanente Baldwin Park Medical Center, showed using soft tissue allografts from cadavers increased the risk for revision reconstruction after the initial operation.

The study analyzed 14,105 cases of ACL reconstruction including those consisting of bone-patellar tendon-bone autografts -- harvested from the patient -- hamstring autografts and soft-tissue allografts. The information was presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Specialty Day meeting.

"Our research showed that when soft tissue allografts were used, those processed with chemicals or irradiation had an increased risk of revision surgery when compared to bone-patellar tendon-bone autografts," lead author Gregory B. Maletis said.

"These points should be considered by surgeons when shaping surgical decisions to ensure the best possible recovery and future health of patients."

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