Lauren Whitt, the University of Alabama at Birmingham Employee Wellness director and adjunct professor of personal health, said inflammation has one goal -- to respond immediately to detect and destroy the toxic material in damaged tissues before it can spread throughout the body.
"The trouble with inflammation occurs when the defense system gets out-of-control and begins to destroy healthy tissue, causing more damage than the original issue," Whitt said in a statement.
Weight loss is related reducing inflammation but Whitt said the right anti-inflammatory foods are the answer.
"I encourage people to focus on eating whole foods and foods that are high in fiber," Whitt said.
Anti-inflammatory food Whitt suggested include citrus fruit because vitamin C and vitamin E are essential antioxidants; dark, leafy greens are high in vitamin K; tomatoes because their red pigment, lycopene, is a potent antioxidant; and wild-caught salmon, which contains a rich concentration of omega-3 fatty acids.
"Eating to minimize inflammation doesn't have to be an overwhelming task," she said. "Take baby steps by incorporating leafy greens into a salad at lunch, or add a piece of whole fruit to your breakfast."
In addition, Whitt said to consume more foods straight from the farm, as well as fewer processed and fried foods.