Researchers at New York University, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Harlem United Community AIDS Center say a 2008 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report showed men who have sex with men accounted for more than 50 percent of new HIV cases and African-Americans comprised 74 percent of new infections.
Overall, among African-Americans, approximately half of new infections were among men having sex with men. In New York City, African-American men having sex with men accounted for 38 percent of the new HIV diagnoses, the researchers say.
The researchers tracked HIV testing using three methods:
-- Partner services, which involves identifying, locating, and interviewing HIV-infected persons to provide names and contact information of their sex and needle-sharing partners, notifying partners of their exposure to HIV, and providing HIV counseling, testing, and referral services to those partners.
-- Alternative venue testing, rapid HIV testing is conducted in bars, churches, or mobile units.
-- Social networks strategy, where HIV testers engage either HIV-positive individuals or those at high risk to get tested.
The study, published in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine, finds alternative venue testing showed a rate of 6.3 percent, much lower than the rates for the social networks strategy of 19.3 percent and partner services at 14.3 percent.