The series is to premiere Nov. 13.
Brolin's film credits include "Milk," "No Country for Old Men," "W." and the upcoming "Gangster Squad."
"This ambitious television series captures the complex nature of man. How we as a species succeeded, shaped the world and thrived against all odds," Brolin said in a statement Tuesday. "History has always been committed to developing superb productions, combined with compelling educational programs that strive to inspire people to learn more about our world."
"'Mankind the Story of All of Us' has the same spirit and daring storytelling that made 'America the Story of Us' such a phenomenal success. But this time we're going even bigger. This series will redefine history as we know it for people throughout the world -- how it's told, how it's watched, taught and how it is experienced," said Nancy Dubuc, president of entertainment and media for A&E Networks.
"America the Story of Us" premiered on the cable network in 2010.