According to TMZ, Rhonda Adkins filed the documents in Tennessee citing "irreconcilable differences" for the split.
The documents state that she wants full custody of the pair's three daughters (aged 16, 12 and 9) as well as child support and alimony. Additionally, she requested to be named the sole beneficiary of the country singer's life insurance policy.
News of the divorce comes two months after Trace Atkins enrolled in a rehab facility after getting into a drunken argument with an impersonator aboard a cruise ship in January.
Notable deaths of 2014 [PHOTOS]