The actor, director and producer was announced as this year's recipient Thursday by HFPA President Dr. Aida Takla O'Reilly.
"Jodie is a multifaceted woman that has achieved immeasurable amounts of success and will continue to do so in her career," O'Reilly said in a statement. "Her ambition, exuberance and grace have helped pave the way for budding artists in this business. She's truly one of a kind."
Foster is a two time Golden Globe winner, both as best actress in a motion picture drama -- first in 1989, for "The Accused," then in 1992 for "The Silence of the Lambs." In addition, Foster was nominated five other times, most recently in 2011 for best actress in a comedy or musical for "Carnage."
Her other film credits include "Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore," "Taxi Driver," "Sommersby," "Maverick," "The Inside Man" and "The Beaver."
Foster is a four-time Academy Award nominee, and won the Oscar for "The Accused" and "The Silence of the Lambs."
The 70th Annual Golden Globe Awards will be presented Jan. 13 at the Beverly Hilton Hotel.
Lucas sold Lucasfilm to The Walt Disney Co. this week for $4.05 billion and announced three more "Star Wars" sagas are in development.
Hamill told EW.com Lucas confided in him and his "Star Wars" trilogy co-star Carrie Fisher in August that there would be three "Star Wars" sequels.
Asked how he reacted to the news of the sale of Lucasfilm to Disney, the actor told EW.com: "Oh my gosh, what a shock that was! I had no idea that George was going to sell to Disney until I read it online like everybody else. He did tell us last summer about wanting to go on and do [Episodes] VII, VIII, and IX, and that [newly appointed Lucasfilm president] Kathleen Kennedy would be doing them."
So, did Lucas divulge any details about where the story would go in the next three films and whether Hamill's Luke Skywalker character would appear in them?
"Well, no, he was just talking about writers and the fact that he wouldn't be directing," Hamill told EW.com. "I guess he wanted us to know before everybody else knew. He said, 'Now you can't tell anybody!' Even now, I'm nervous about saying anything. I just don't know."
AMY WINEHOUSE: Amy Winehouse's wedding dress has been stolen from her London home, a spokesman for the late British singer's family said.
The dresses were among items to be auctioned off in New York at a fundraising event for the Amy Winehouse Foundation early next year.
"People need to know they are not supposed to be out there on the market and they should not try to buy them," a family spokesman told the BBC. "The dress Amy wore on the cover of 'Back to Black' sold for $65,000 last year and the money went to the foundation, and another dress sold for $48,000 so the wedding dress could have raised as much as $161,000."
The Metropolitan Police said a formal report regarding the missing garments has not yet been filed.
The Grammy Award-winning singer died of alcohol poisoning in July 2011. She was 27.
C.K. will make his debut on the sketch comedy series Saturday when fun. appears as musical guest on the show for the first time.
Hathaway will return for a third time as "SNL" guest host Nov. 10. Rihanna will be the musical act that night.
Renner will be the emcee Nov. 17 when Maroon 5 performs the episode's musical entertainment, NBC said.