Michael Brown, 45, has been ordered to appear in Dumfries Sheriff Court on charges of conspiracy to rob and to extort, the BBC reported.
Dumfries and Galloway Police arrived at Brown's Bearsden home Tuesday morning and escorted him to their Dumfries headquarters for questioning.
Stolen from Drumlanrig Castle, Dumfriesshire, in 2003, the masterpiece was recovered four weeks ago. The painting is valued at more than $60 million.
Four other suspects were charged in connection with the caper earlier this month after a police raid in Glasgow.