The Russian Federation's Ambassador to Japan, Alexander Losyukov, said culture is a factor for bringing different people closer together. The monument to Chekhov is a major milestone in the development of Russian-Japanese relations, he added.
The piece was made by Russian sculptor Grigory Pototsky.
The Moscow Academic Maly Theater will present several productions of Chekhov's plays in Japan as part of the Theater Chekhov Festival.
A monument to Leo Tolstoy also stands on the grounds of Tokyo's Siowa women's university.