The Latin American country, under military rule from the mid-1960s to mid-1980s, profited from precision rocket exports, many to former Iraqi strongman Saddam Hussein and Arab states in the Persian Gulf.
The end of the Iraq-Iran war and the Cold War set Brazil's defense industry back, with production shutdowns, job losses and collapse of the export market but all that is intended to change.
The one billion real -- $480 million -- initial outlay by the Defense Ministry is focused on updating Avibras' ASTROS, acronym for Artillery SaTuration ROcket System, which is capable of launching multiple rockets.
A modernized ASTROS 2020 configuration will include the production of a GPS-guided short-range rocket and an AV-TM300 missile that gives the new system a 180-mile strike range.
That level of reach would stand out in the global market, as it would rival the U.S. Multiple Launch Rocket System and Army Tactical Missile System combined, Defense Industry News said on its website.
Analysts said the Brazilian investment indicated the government's strategy to regenerate defense manufacturing neglected over nearly three decades.
Brazil has been investing in research and development of GPS-guided rockets and has sought to increase their range during the development process. Earlier versions of 180mm SS-AV-40 guided rockets are known to have a range of about 25 miles but Brazilian research has also looked into developing jet-powered cruise missiles to increase the range.
A full ASTROS system includes one battalion level command vehicle in charge of three batteries, fire control vehicles, rocket launchers, ammunition resupply vehicles, recovery vehicles and a mobile weather station.
The vehicles are usually transported in a C-130 vehicle but Brazil's Embraer aircraft maker is also developing a tactical military transport aircraft that hopes to compete with the Hercules as well as rivals from Europe, Russia and Israel.
China and Turkey have jointly developed 302mm T-300 Kasirga Hurricane which is said to be similar to China's Weishi Guardian WS-1 rockets.
Brazil's defense revival has seen a hard fight to claw back market share when its Engesa S.A. filed for bankruptcy in 1993 after Avibras applied for bankruptcy protection in 2008 but was rescued with government funding.
As part of the support incentives, the Defense Ministry in August announced financing of $760 million from its Growth Acceleration Program. At least 30 Astros and associated vehicles are likely to be part of that acquisition.