Blakey is currently the administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration. In September she will step down after five years as FAA administrator.
The announcement was made by the chairman of the AIA board of governors, William H. Swanson. Blakey will replace John W. Douglass, who filled the top spot since 1998.
"We are very pleased to name Marion Blakey to the role of AIA President and CEO," said Swanson, in a statement. "Her exceptional experience in the executive branch of government, as well as her deep expertise in public affairs and government relations, will greatly benefit all the members of AIA as she represents the industry in the years ahead."
Blakey brings to the AIA all the experience from her regulation and safety responsibilities of the nation's airways as FAA administrator. Blakey was responsible for operating the world's largest air traffic control system and helped launch the Next Generation Air Transportation System, an effort to transform air traffic control from a ground-based system of radars to a satellite-based system.
Blakey served as chairman of the National Transportation Safety Board prior to being named FAA administrator.