Scottish Environment Minister Paul Wheelhouse said education was the right place to invest in a greener future.
"Climate change is a serious issue both here in Scotland and further afield and all work to limit the impact of this global issue is to be welcomed," he said in a statement Sunday.
Combined, St. Andrews University, Strathclyde University and Stirling University will get $33.6 million to support low-carbon solutions.
Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond wants renewable energy to meet half of Scotland's electricity needs by 2015.
A referendum for independence from the United Kingdom is set for late 2014. Salmond's government said the country could support itself with oil and natural gas sales while relying on renewable resources to power its economy.