Robinson serves as a U.N. envoy for the Great Lakes region of Africa and is a member of The Elders, a non-governmental group advocating for human rights.
She told The Guardian newspaper in London the threat of pollution suggests some untapped oil and natural gas reserves should be left alone.
"There is a global limit on a safe level of emissions," she said in an interview published Monday. "That means major fossil fuel reserves must be left in the ground."
Her comments come ahead of the formal release of a report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The BBC reported Monday the report may suggest global warming is slowing down.
Robinson said there was some skepticism surrounding global warming trends that are not "based in reality."
She added there were bound to be concerns from an energy sector called on to leave billions of dollars worth of oil and natural gas untouched.
"We are already talking to the business community that wants change, but there is obviously a business community that is trying to cloud and distort the science," she said.