The bulk of Japan's reactors -- excluding the No. 3 Tomari reactor in Hokkaido scheduled to be shut down May 5 for maintenance -- were taken offline for scheduled checkups but have stayed offline due to safety concerns sparked by the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster following the March 11, 2011, earthquake and tsunami.
Although the May 5 Tomari shutdown means that nuclear power in Japan "will be zero from May 6 momentarily," Edano said in a speech Sunday in Tokushima that Japan will eventually reduce its reliance on nuclear power "to zero permanently," Kyodo news reports.
The Tomari shutdown will mark the first time that Japan would be without nuclear power production since 1966, when the country's first reactor began operation.
Prior to the Fukushima crisis, nuclear power provided 30 percent of Japan's electricity.
Edano's comments came as Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda's administration has been seeking local approval to restart the Nos. 3 and 4 reactors at Kansai Electric Power Co.'s Oi nuclear power plant in Fukui Prefecture.
While Edano on Sunday called for support for the reactivation of the Oi reactors to avoid power shortages in the near future, he maintained, "We will realistically and steadily reduce the number of nuclear reactors through a process that would not cause concerns or confusion in society while thoroughly examining their safety."
At a parliamentary committee meeting Friday, Edano said that even if the two Kansai reactors are restarted, the utility's service territory, including Osaka, could face electricity shortages during summer heat waves, particularly with increased air conditioner use.
"I have to say we are facing the risk of a very severe electricity shortage," Edano told reporters.
But the momentum to restart Japan's reactors is losing ground as time passes, particularly if Japan and its economy emerge relatively unscathed from a nuclear power-free summer.
As for the decision to restart other nuclear reactors, the government plans to make those on a case-by-case basis.
"Each time, we will make a decision based on safety and necessity," Edano said at a news conference Friday, noting that restarting the Oi reactors would not automatically open the door for reactors at other plants to be restarted.
Platts news service cited industry sources as saying that Japan could see restarts of several of the country's nuclear reactors this year, yet they say most of the total nuclear capacity of 48.96 gigawatts is expected to remain shut because of safety concerns.