U.S. President Barack Obama said during his State of the Union address in January that, with the right incentives, the U.S. economy can move away from oil and become the first nation in the world to put 1 million electric cars on the road by 2015.
Washington aims to introduce measures that would give rebates to consumers, provide investments in innovative technology and reward communities that invest in electric vehicle infrastructure.
The U.S. Energy Department said in a report that tax credits and support for research and development could bring Obama's vision to fruition.
David Sandalow, assistant secretary for policy and international affairs at the Department of Energy, said in a statement that the 2015 target date was a main component of the strategy needed to reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil.
"This is a race America can win -- if we answer the president's call to out-innovate, out-build and out-compete the rest of the world," he said.