Dulles pledges cooperation with Russia as end to blockade sought

October 21, 1948

PARIS, Oct. 21, 1948 (UP) - The three western powers, who have decided to withdraw their condemnation of Russia as a threat to peace if the Berlin blockade is lifted, accepted a small-nation formula today as a "hopeful basis" for solving the Berlin crisis.

John Foster Dulles, making his maiden speech before the United Nations Assembly here, at the same time pledged the United States to renewed co-operation with Russia.

The compromise solution tentatively accepted by western powers calls for new talks on the Berlin currency and German peace treaty problems after Russia lifts the Berlin blockade.

The compromise was drafted after repeated talks between Soviet Delegate Andrei Vishinsky and Chairman Juan A. Bramuglia of the Security Council.

The proposal was submitted early today to both Vishinsky and the western powers. Vishinsky forwarded it to Moscow so he could have the Kremlin's answer before the Security Council resumes debate on the Berlin crisis tomorrow.

Western delegates indicated they were waiting anxiously and a little hopefully that Russia also would find the proposal a "hopeful basis" for settling the East-West crisis.

Despite the new conciliation efforts, the western powers still felt Russia probably would veto even a compromise solution in the Security Council. They noted that Russia based its position on the claim that the UN cannot legally consider any German problem.

But western delegates indicated they hoped that, even after a veto, the draft resolution contained elements of a possible solution outside the UN.

The Berlin compromise, still subject to revision, was understood to contain these three points:

-- Unconditional lifting of the blockade of Berlin.

-- New four-power talks on the Berlin currency, possibly starting simultaneously with the lifting of the blockade.

-- A new Council of Foreign Ministers meeting on Germany, probably to start after the blockade is lifted and the Berlin currency problem is settled.

Dulles made another western gesture toward peace with Russia while speaking on a Mexican resolution in the United Nations Political Committee. The Mexican resolution called upon the east and west for renewed efforts to end the cold war.

Dulles expressed American acceptance of the principle of the Mexican resolution, which called specifically for the great powers to proceed to final agreement on the peace treaties through the UN or by a special conference of all the original 1942 United Nations members who were belligerents.

He said that while the great powers have the primary right in determining the peace terms, "that right should be used constructively."

Vishinsky accepted the general principles set forth by Mexico - desire to return to the spirit of Yalta and San Francisco - but said he would submit a substitute draft for that part calling on the big powers, having failed themselves to agree on peace treaties, to try through the UN.

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